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LAW
 

Nez Perce protest megaload convoys going through their land

Protesters stand their ground as first of two megaload shipments of oil refinery equipment is halted along U.S. Highway 12 just outside of Lewiston, Idaho on Aug. 6, 2013. Authorities said 20 protesters were arrested, jailed and charged with misdemeanors for disturbing the peace. Photo: AP Photo/Lewiston Tribune, Steve Hanks

SEATTLE — On a narrow central Idaho highway coursing through thickets of ponderosa pines and along a winding river, members of the Nez Perce tribe made their stand.

Hundreds gathered along U.S. Highway 12 on Monday and Tuesday and formed a human blockade in an attempt to stop a controversial megaload of equipment bound for the oil tar sands of Alberta, Canada. The load reportedly weighed about 644,000 pounds and stretched over 200 feet. They intended on continuing their protests Wednesday and Thursday nights.

The protesters — tribal elders, mothers with young children, and activists from elsewhere — slowed but did not stop the convoy carrying a giant water evaporator. After about 20 arrests for allegedly disturbing the peace by blocking the road, the load continued.

But the protest served as another point of focus among environmentalists and Native Americans who want to stop the giant shipments. Both groups say the convoys clog roadways, disturb tourists and threaten a delicate, unspoiled landscape.

By Whose Authority?

The picturesque terrain is home to white-tail deer, cougars, black bears and mountain goats. Rivers teem with salmon and trout.

“Everything is in there,” said Silas Whitman, chairman of the Nez Perce tribal executive committee and among those arrested. “Yet they want to make it an industrial corridor.” If it allowed the loads, he said, the tribe would “be a party to the destruction to those areas.”

The load this week has raised questions about who has the authority to approve such convoys. Omega Morgan, the Oregon contractor transporting a General Electric water evaporator, said it was operating under an oversized load permit approved by the Idaho Department of Transportation.

The company said it followed state-ordered guidelines. These require, among other things, traveling at night, not holding up traffic for longer than 15 minutes, and not making any alterations to the roadways or surrounding vegetation.

The Land's Spiritual Value 

But the U.S. Forest Service claims to have authority in cases in which the loads travel through protected lands. It has voiced opposition to the state permit giving convoys access to the Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forests.

In a statement, it said it could not support the permit until an environmental impact study is completed sometime in the coming months.

Forest Service officials are examining not only the effect on the ecosystem, but other factors such as the spiritual value of the land to the tribe.

“That’s the part we struggle with, the ... spiritual value of this corridor,” said Rick Brazell, forest supervisor for the Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forests. “We can touch those biological things and get a feel for the numbers. We can’t gather ... things you can’t see and touch, and they mean a lot. We are on a path to get that information.”

Delaying the Shipments

Tribal officials said they had challenged the use of the rural highway — traveled mainly by sportsmen and tourists — as an industrial corridor, but their concerns had been ignored.

“The only way we ... [thought] we could get to the man was through his pocketbook,” Whitman said. In other words, people would have to pay attention if businesses started losing money.

They aimed for their protests to delay the convoys, thus causing the shipping company to lose money. This, they hoped, would discourage further shipments.

Before the protests, Whitman said tribal leaders told police they understood officers would have to carry out their duty, even if it led to arrests.

On Monday, Whitman was the first to be cuffed. He was with his 10-year-old granddaughter. He told her to go back behind the barricade as he was carried off, to be taken to jail. “You have to stay here,” he said he told her. “You can’t go with me.”

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1
Standard 1: What the Text Says

Read the sentence from the article.

On a narrow central Idaho highway coursing through thickets of ponderosa pines and along a winding river, members of the Nez Perce tribe made their stand.

What type of figurative language is the phrase "made their stand?"

A

idiom

B

metaphor

C

personification

D

simile

2
Standard 1: What the Text Says

Select the paragraph from the article that contains a synonym for the word 'scenic.'

3
Standard 1: What the Text Says

Read the sentence from the article.

On a narrow central Idaho highway coursing through thickets of ponderosa pines and along a winding river, members of the Nez Perce tribe made their stand.

Which is the BEST definition of the word 'coursing' as mentioned in the article?

A

flowing

B

pouring

C

running

D

trickling

4
Standard 1: What the Text Says

Read the sentence from the article.

In a statement, it said it could not support the permit until an environmental impact study is completed sometime in the coming months.

What would an environmental impact study MOST LIKELY show?

A

the cause of an environmental disaster

B

the amount of control over the environment

C

the effects of something on the environment

D

the legal issues surrounding environment protection

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